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Leviticus 2:4-7

The Anointing Spirit

4 And if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil. 5 And if thy oblation be a meat offering baked in a pan, it shall be of fine flour unleavened, mingled with oil. 6 Thou shalt part it in pieces, and pour oil thereon: it is a meat offering. 7 And if thy oblation be a meat offering baked in the frying pan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil.


Just as we found that God had made allowances so that people of every economic level could afford to make the burnt offering, there were similar allowances made in the laws of the meat offering. The wealthy might bring large quantities of fine flour for the offering, but the poor could not afford so much fine flour. Therefore, they could bring smaller quantities and compensate for the smaller amount by baking the flour, putting more of their personal labor into the offering.

Remember that the meat offering represented the consecration of the substance and work of a worshipper who had obtained atonement through the burnt offering. It was, therefore, a good thing for him or her to put some work into the offering by baking the flour. The cakes were to be made of fine flour mingled with oil or, if they were thin wafers, they were to be anointed with the oil. The baking process probably represented the heat of God's wrath or the purification of the people by trials and tribulation, while the oil, of course, still represented the anointing of the Spirit.

However, only the rich and middle class would have owned ovens. A person with less wealth might have to bake his cakes on a pan, or flat plate, made of earthenware. His cakes should then be divided into pieces and anointed with oil. There is no explanation for this, but Andrew Bonar speculated that, "This division into pieces may shew that every part of our substance is to be given up. We must allow God to divide and choose and appropriate as He pleases.

There is one other element introduced here, which was not mentioned earlier, but will be applied to all offerings in verse 11. The baked offerings must be unleavened. Leavening is used throughout scripture to represent sin, and we will discuss this in more detail when we study the eleventh verse of this chapter.

A person who was among the very poorest of society might have only a frying pan in which to cook. The law therefore specifies that it was totally acceptable for the meat offering to be prepared in such a vessel. The important thing to notice in all of these methods of preparing the meat offering is that the oil must not be left out, no matter how poor the person making the offering happened to be.

The oil represented the anointing of the Spirit of God, which is absolutely essential before anyone can be accepted by Him. Jesus told Nicodemus, "Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again. The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit." (John 3:5-8)

A strong controversy is brewing in our churches today over the importance and working of the Holy Spirit. The scriptures about His work and gifts have been terribly misunderstood and abused by some churches in order to gain "members" through the sensationalism that accompanies such practices. At the same time, other churches, afraid of being compare to them, teach very little about the Holy Spirit and His work.

The meat offering teaches us just how important the work of the Holy Spirit is in the regeneration of the saints. Peter called the people of God the "Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ." It is the Spirit who sets aside God's elect to receive the atonement which Christ made through His obedience and shed blood and to be consecrated unto the Father forever.

Before The Throne:

Examine yourself during this prayer time. Are you fully consecrated to God? Does He decide what you do with your time, money, possessions, and labor or is that mostly up to you? Ask the Holy Spirit to convict you of your failures to serve your Lord and to mold you into the committed Christian that you ought to be. If you find that you are not committed to God, perhaps you need to seek Him more and pray that you can be born again. Jesus said, "Seek and ye shall find."

For Further Study:

(v.4)
** meat offering: 1Ch 23:28-29; Psa 22:14; Eze 46:20; Mat 26:38; Joh 12:27; ** the oven: Lev 1:11; 6:17; 7:12; 10:12; Exo 12:8; 1Co 5:7-8; Heb 7:26; 1Pe 2:1, 22; ** wafers: Exo 16:31; 29:2; Isa 42:1; 44:3-5; 61:1; Joh 3:34;

(v.6) Lev 1:6; Psa. 22:1-21; Mark 14:1-15:47; John 18:1-19:42;

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