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Matthew 28:18-20

Conquering Our Doubts

18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.


Any kind of doubt or fear is dangerous to the spiritual life of the believer, and in these verses we have Jesus' answer to the doubts of His disciples. His words, however, apply to all believers. They form the foundation of Matthew's gospel and of the principles of our faith.

First, He announces that all power, i.e. all authority, in heaven and earth had been given to Him. This is the sovereign power of God that we have referred to throughout this book. Jesus is in control, and whatsoever we might ask of Him will be given to us. He is the living proof! He has authority over death, the greatest enemy that man faces, and He offers us eternal life.

A better translation of the beginning of verse 19 would be, "Therefore, when you go..." or "...while you are going..." The "therefore" means, "because of what I have told you." Because Jesus has all authority, He has used the timeless participle to tell His disciples that wherever they go and whenever they go they should teach all nations. This does not apply to a specific mission, but to everything that they did. While they worked, while they shopped, while they traveled, or while they worshipped in the synagogues, they should be about the business of teaching new disciples.

The first command is to teach or to make disciples of people. Jesus was the master disciple maker. He went beyond simply teaching a Sunday school lesson to them each week by taking His disciples with Him wherever He went. When we work, we should take our disciples along; when we shop, take them along; when we go to the bank, take them along. Disciples must learn about the lifestyle of a Christian, about the struggles of a Christian, and about the blessings and joys of being a Christian. They can only do this by observing their teacher, as he himself experiences life.

The word "nations" is the Greek "ethnos," which was normally used to refer to anyone who was not a Jew. It destroys the Jewish idea that heathens were unclean and excluded from the kingdom. It destroys the modern white supremacist idea that other races are excluded from the kingdom. All nations, peoples, cultures, and races are to be discipled and invited to come to Jesus for their salvation.

These are to be baptized in the name of and with the authority of the Godhead. Jesus, who has all power and authority in heaven and earth, passes that authority on to His followers to be used for the growth of the body of Christ and kingdom of heaven.

Finally, He defines the teaching that is to be done by us. We are to teach them to observe all of His commandments. Many moderns try to limit those to the New Testament commandments that Jesus made, but we must remember that He is also the God of the Old Testament and that He is the same yesterday, today, and forever. We must teach the scriptures in their entirety. Every page points to Jesus.

And what about those doubts that we are dealing with? Well Jesus has promised to be with us until the end of the world as we know it, until the end of the church age when He will come to gather us to be with Him forever. He will dwell in each of our hearts through the Holy Spirit, guiding us, comforting us, encouraging us, and empowering us.

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This concludes our study of the book of Matthew, which has taken us just slightly over a year. I want to congratulate each of you who have been faithful to this study from the beginning. I also want to emphasize that no man has a lock on the knowledge of God. I am sure that I have made many errors throughout this study. I apologize and ask for your forgiveness and I also pray that each of you have thoroughly studied the scriptures to find their meanings for yourself.

Before The Throne:

Pray that you would be made aware of the authority and power with which Jesus has blessed you. Ask God to form you into a complete disciple, helping you to disciple others, wiping out your prejudices, and eliminating you fears and doubts. Ask for ways to apply these verses to your ministry, for creative ways to disciple new believers, and for new ways to reach out to the members of your community.

For Further Study:

(v.18)
** All. Ps 2:6-9; 89:19, 27; 110:1-3; Isa 9:6-7; Da 7:14; Mt 11:27; 16:28; Lu 1:32-33; 10:22; Joh 3:35; 5:22-27; 13:3; 17:2; Ac 2:36; 10:36; Ro 14:9; 1Co 15:27; Eph 1:20-22; Php 2:9-11; Col 1:16-19; Heb 1:2; 2:8; 1Pe 3:22; Re 11:15; 17:14; 19:16;

(v.19) ** ye therefore. Ps 22:27-28; 98:2-3; Isa 42:1-4; 49:6; 52:10; 66:18-19; Mr 16:15-16; Lu 24:47-48; Ac 1:8; 13:46-47; 28:28; Ro 10:18; Col 1:23; ** baptizing. Ac 2:38-39, 41; 8:12-16, 36-38; 9:18; 10:47-48; 16:15-33; 19:3-5; 1Co1:13-16; 15:29; 1Pe 3:21; ** the name. Ge 1:26; Nu 6:24-27; Isa 48:16; Mt 3:16-17; 1Co 12:4-6; 2Co 13:14; Eph 2:18; 1Jo 5:7; Re 1:4-6;

(v.20) ** them. De 5:32; 12:32; Mt 7:24-27; Ac 2:42; 20:20-21, 27; 1Co 11:2, 23; 14:37; Eph 4:11-17, 20-32; Col 1:28; 1Th 4:1-2; 2Th 3:6-12; 1Ti 6:1-4;Tit 2:1-10; 1Pe 2:10-19; 2Pe 1:5-11; 3:2; 1Jo 2:3-4; 3:19-24; Re 22:14; ** I am. Ge 39:2-3, 21; Ex 3:12; Jos 1:5; Ps 46:7, 11; Isa 8:8-10; Isa 41:10; Mt 1:23; 18:20; Mr 16:20; Joh 14:18-23; Ac 18:9-10; 2Ti 4:17; Re 22:21; ** unto. Mt 13:39-40, 49; 24:3; ** Amen. 1Ki 1:36; 1Ch 16:36; Ps 72:19; Mt 6:13; Re 1:18; 22:20;

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